It is April in Canada. A time of renewal, of rejuvenation, of spring. As I sit to write this article, I cannot believe that it is spring, as the high today was -5C and it is almost the end of March. Those temperatures make me think of ice and snow not warmth and spring.
April and ice, a combination that is not totally unusual in Canada, but that is not the ice I want to discuss today. Ice a slang name for Diamond! The birthstone for April. What do you know about Diamond? What can I tell you about diamond? If your birthstone- do you think -round brilliant clear diamond-boring? Not any more !
So what to discuss about diamonds:
I could discuss the 4 C’s, although I relate better to the 5 c’s- carat weight, colour, cut, clarity and cost. Carat weight is the size of the diamond-are you looking at .25point (1/4 carat) or a 1 carat or a multitude of other sizes.
Colour, when talking about “clear” diamond, is actually the absence of colour and is for the most part described by a scale developed by the Gemmological Institute of America (GIA) which talks about colourless being D-F and faint yellow showing in K-M and more yellow the further down the alphabet you go. There are other scales for colour but they are not as widely used any more.
The next C, is the cut of the diamond . The cut we discuss with this term is not the type of cut but how well it is cut. Are the facets meeting properly? Are there the correct number of them? Are the proportions correct to get maximum light reflection creating the fire we expect to see in a diamond?
Now when clarity is discussed, we are talking about how many inclusions, what kind of inclusions and where in the diamond they are located. The scale used goes from F (flawless), If (internally flawless), VVS (very very slight included), VS (very slight included), SI (slightly included) to I1- I3 (heavily Included ).
Cost can vary dramatically depending on the first 4 C’s and therefore my suggestion is set your budget and find the stone that fits in that budget. You will find one!
When talking about diamonds we could also discuss the different types of cuts- These are some of the more common ones found with round brilliant being the most common due to the the light reflection and resulting fire that occurs with this cut. The cut you choose is a personal preference, but also what is fashionable at the time are the ones you will find easily.
What about colour? This time I mean fancy colour as opposed to colourless. There are the pink and champagne colour through to the red of the Argyle diamonds of Australia. There are diamonds that are blue, yellow, brown, green and shades in between found. We also nowadays see black diamonds.
a chart of colours of diamonds
What else can I discuss about diamonds? Well I am Canadian, so how about the locality of where diamonds are found. I have already mentioned Australia, so how about Russia, South Africa and Canada and you have the geographic locations that make up the 4 largest diamond producers in the world today. Canada being the third producer in $ value, but the first in the cleanest diamonds (clarity). Have you seen an Ontario diamond yet?
Are you bored with diamond yet? No! How about the history of diamonds and some of the more famous? Most people have heard of the Cullinan diamond but did you know there were 9 of them? Below is a diagram of some replicas of famous diamonds reproduced by the sometimes scant history surrounding these beautiful stones. Notice variety of shapes and colours.
So what would you like to discuss about diamonds? Did I touch on it in my article? Are you wanting to learn more about any of these subjects? Not quite the boring round brilliant clear stone that most people think of-not that I find the round brilliant boring with all that fire of light flashing at me.
Have you bought a diamond or about to buy a diamond? Contact me about consulting on your purchase or appraise what you have already bought, or maybe do a presentation to a group about the fascinating topic of diamond.
A reminder about that New Years resolution to get your jewellery appraised-it is now April and you will be heading outdoors-hiking, walking, swimming, gardening, etc-contact your local Independent Jewellery appraiser and take that item off your to-do-list. To find a qualified Jewellery Appraiser near you go to http://www.independent-jewellery-valuers.org.
I welcome those of you in Southern Ontario to contact me with your questions and concerns about your jewellery appraising needs!